Gilead’s $2,340 Price for Coronavirus Drug Draws Criticism

[Gilead is the drug company that Fauci and 8 other NIH officials had a conflict of interest with (they received money from Gilead). That conflict induced Fauci to NOT test HydroxyChloroquine against COVID, even though tens of thousands of local doctors’ reports showed good results – much better than Remdesivir is showing.  –Bob]

 

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Lies About Israel Lead to Lies About Everything

Why would someone like Sebastian Cevallos, a university student in Ecuador, care about Israel? You’d think this tiny country on the other side of the globe from where he lives would have no bearing on his life. But it does. Here’s why.

Follow Sebastian on Instagram @sebascheredia

Please watch the VIDEO

CONTINUE READING –>

More Good news about the Chinese virus

By Christopher Monckton of Brenchley – Re-Blogged From WUWT

The good news keeps coming. In the United States and Canada, the weekly-averaged daily compound growth rates of confirmed cases of infection are now about 8%, down from the benchmark values of 23% and 17% respectively that obtained in the three weeks to March 14, when Mr Trump declared the pandemic to be a national emergency.

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Fig. 1. Mean compound daily growth rates in confirmed cases of COVID-19 infection for the world excluding China (red) and for several individual nations averaged over the successive seven-day periods ending on all dates from March 28 to April 11, 2020. A link to the high-definition PowerPoint slides is at the end of this posting.

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Vote-Weary Spain Holds Election

By Reuters – Re-Blogged From IJR

Spain held its second parliamentary election in just over six months on Sunday, with voters likely to deliver an even more fragmented parliament with no clear winner and a sizeable showing by the far-right.

Opinion polls show the Socialists in the lead but likely to win slightly fewer seats than in April’s vote, while the conservative People’s Party (PP) could gain strength and the far-right Vox could become the country’s third-largest party, just months after winning its first parliamentary seats.

Spain has been struggling to put stable governments together since 2015, when new parties emerged from the financial crisis following decades during which power oscillated between the Socialists and the PP.

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California NOT “Fighting Climate Change”

By Larry Hamlin – Re-Blogged From WUWT

The L A Times is at it again making completely idiotic claims that California is “fighting climate change” and alleging that wildfires and blackouts will hurt this purely politically contrived, monumentally costly and globally meaningless state “fight”.

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“The state’s electric grid was experiencing rapid and unprecedented changes even before Pacific Gas & Electric and Southern California Edison began shutting off power to millions of people in a desperate scramble to prevent their transmission lines from sparking wildfires.

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The Globalists’ Race Against Time on China

By David Archibald – Re-Blogged From WUWT

To recap briefly, most of the communist countries collapsed by 1991 and the Western democratic tradition was seen as the winner of an existential battle that had waged since the Russian Revolution of 1917. Historian Francis Fukuyama called it “the end of history” because only good things would happen thereafter. Mankind’s ideological evolution had ended and Western liberal democracy would be the final form of government.

In response to that wishful thinking, Harvard historian Samuel Huntington wrote a paper, and subsequently a book, entitled The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order in which he predicted that with the end of ideological conflict the world would revert to a normal state of affairs characterized by cultural conflict. In particular, Professor Huntington predicted an attack by Islamists on the United States. That attack duly happened five years later. Huntington had identified China and Islam as “challenger civilizations.”

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The Ultimate Safe-Haven Asset. A Looming Nobel Prize?

By Arkadiusz Sieroń – Re-Blogged From Gold Eagle

Yesterday, the Nobel prizes in economics were awarded. Unfortunately, gold has been omitted and got nothing. How unfair! But looking at the Dutch central bank press release, gold would have much higher chances if they were the ones granting the prizes and not the Swedish central bank!

2019 Nobel in Economics and Gold

Yesterday was a big day! At least for all those boring economists and similar bean-counters. The Nobel Prize in economics was awarded. Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer became 2019 laureates for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.

Nice! But, dear Nobel Committee, we also have great ideas how to reduce poverty in the world. Just give everyone some gold! We know, that’s not the quick road to wealth, but whatever the current outlook, gold portfolios should appreciate substantially in the long run.

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All I Want to Do Is Make Cookies

Most small businessmen have enough problems improving their product, marketing and meeting payroll. When Uncle Sam and his state and local cousins get involved, life and business invariably get harder. Common sense regulation benefits everyone. But there is a level of regulation that benefits no one — except bureaucrats. In this video, Joseph Semprevivo, founder and CEO of Joseph’s Lite Cookies, gives his not-so-sugar-coated account of how the government too often hinders much more than it helps.

Please watch the VIDEO

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Why Today’s Renewables Cannot Power Modern Civilization

By Dr. Lars Schernikau – Re-Blogged From WUWT

Dr. Lars Schernikau has founded, worked, and advised many organizations in the energy, raw material, and coal sectors in Asia, Europe, Africa and the Americas. Lars finished his PhD on the economics of energy, commodities, and the global coal business and published two industry trade books (Springer, available on Amazon) in 2010 and 2017.

Summary

· Costs for renewable power generation have dropped fast, but they will not improve 10-fold anymore… physical limits will be reached

· Common comparisons of renewables vs. conventional power generation are misleading. One cannot compare marginal costs for intermittent power with costs for base power

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1000 Amazon Employees Threaten Strike over Lack of Climate Action

By Eric Worrall – Re-Blogged From WUWT

Amazon Employees for Climate Justice have threatened to strike because Amazon is not doing enough to promote climate action.

Nearly 1,000 Amazon employees plan a walkout to protest climate change

By Jordan ValinskyCNN Business
Updated 1934 GMT (0334 HKT) September 9, 2019

New York (CNN Business)
Nearly 1,000 Amazon employees have pledged to walk out in protest of what they say is their company’s inaction on climate change. 

The collective known as “Amazon Employees for Climate Justice” posted a letter online Monday declaring that Amazon should lead on the issue because it’s “one of the largest and most powerful companies in the world.”

For example, the group wants Amazon to stop donating to politicians and lobbyists who deny climate change. It also wants Amazon to stop awarding contracts to fossil fuel companies. And the group wants the company to test electric vehicles in cities that are most affected by the company’s environmental impact. The group said it was “critical” for Amazon to emit zero emissions by 2030.

Read more: https://edition.cnn.com/2019/09/09/business/amazon-employee-climate-change-walkout/index.html

I just have one question.

Given Amazon’s alleged reputation for working employees to the limit of their endurance, how did 1000 employees ever manage to find the personal time and energy to develop outside interests? For shame Bezos, your shareholders expect more from you.

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Cross Border E-commerce: Welcome to The Future

By Alina Grace from https://haulystic.com

Cross-border e-commerce is defined as international e-commerce according to which, suppliers sell their products to consumers living in other countries and jurisdictions. However, consumers who trade with suppliers online and share one common language, border or currency, do not perceive it as cross border trading (e.g.trading within European Union).

Internet, smartphones and digitisation in general, play a major part in our everyday lives and most people nowadays, use these devices to make online purchases. Currently, there are 1.79 billion digital shoppers worldwide and this number will increase to 2.14 billion by 2021.

But let’s talk more about numbers.

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Benefits of Hiring a reliable Maxi Taxi Service in Melbourne

[Just as many US cities have Lyft & Uber instead of owning or using your own car Melbourne has MaxiTaxi. -Bob]

Re-Bloged From EasyMaxiTaxi

You might think that owning a car is better than hiring a car. Owning a car requires yearly maintenance and tune-ups, insurance coverage, and more. If you compare the costs that you spend on your own car and hiring a taxi, you would know that hiring a maxi taxi is a better option to consider. When you book a taxi for your service, you just have to enjoy your ride and pay for the driver that is it.

Hiring a Taxi Melbourne service is the most convenient and economical way to travel from one destination to another destination. Also, you can save a great deal of time when you are in a hurry to travel to the airport, as taxi services are available round the clock and ensure timely pickup and reliable trips.

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The Total Myth of Ocean Acidification

[In water chemistry, a pH of 7.0 is neutral, higher numbers are alkaline (basic), and lower than 7 is acid. -Bob]

By David Middleton – Re-Blogged From WUWT

From the American Association of Science of America [1]…

Ocean acidification could boost shell growth in snails and sea urchins

By Katie Camero Jul. 23, 2019 , 2:00 PM

The world’s oceans are acidifying rapidly as they soak up massive amounts of the carbon dioxide (CO2) released from burning fossil fuels. That’s bad news for tiny marine critters like coral and sea urchins that make up the base of the ocean food chain: Acidic water not only destroys their shells, but it also makes it harder for them to build new ones. Now, scientists studying sea snails have discovered an unexpected side effect of this acid brew—it can help some of them build thicker, stronger shells by making their food more nutritious.

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Obama Oil & Coal Regulations About to Go

From The Daily Caller – By Michael Bastasch – Re-Blogged From WUWT

  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized its plan to repeal and replace the Obama-era Clean Power Plan.
  • EPA replaced the Clean Power Plan with the Affordable Clean Energy (ACE) rule, which requires coal plants to become more efficient.
  • “ACE is an important step towards realigning EPA actions so they are consistent with the rule of law,” a former EPA official said.

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What Gets Measured Gets Improved

By Keith Weiner – Re-Blogged From Gold Eagle

Let’s start with Frederic Bastiat’s 170-year old parable of the broken window. A shopkeeper has a broken window. The shopkeeper is, of course, upset at the loss of six francs (0.06oz gold, or about $75). Bastiat discusses a then-popular facile argument: the glass guy is making money (to which all we can say is, “plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose”). Bastiat says it is true, and this is the seen. The glazier does make money.

Then he introduces the concept of the unseen. The shoemaker does not earn the 6 francs he would have earned, had the shopkeeper not had to replace his window. The shopkeeper himself has the same window as before, but he is poorer by 6 francs. The unseen are the consumer, and the other producer. The consumer must consume less, and thus is impoverished. The other producer’s business shrinks in proportion to the gain in the glassmaker’s business.

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Thinning forests, prescribed fire before drought reduced tree loss

Re-Blogged From WUWT

Who’d a thunk it, forest management might be a good idea?~ctm

Treatments may reduce loss in future droughts and bark beetle epidemics

University of California – Davis

Thinning forests and conducting prescribed burns may help preserve trees in future droughts and bark beetle epidemics expected under climate change, suggests a study from the University of California, Davis.

Dead and dying trees dot the landscape in the Sierra Nevada during the region's recent drought. Credit USDA Forest Service

Dead and dying trees dot the landscape in the Sierra Nevada during the region’s recent drought. Credit USDA Forest Service

The study, published in the journal Ecological Applications, found that thinning and prescribed fire treatments reduced the number of trees that died during the bark beetle epidemic and drought that killed more than 129 million trees across the Sierra Nevada between 2012-2016.

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Why so many tornadoes this year?

By Dr Roy Spencer – Re-Blogged From Fox News

The simple answer is that tornado formation requires unusually cool air.

OHIO, INDIANA TORNADOES LEAVE AT LEAST 1 DEAD, SEVERAL HURT AMID DESTRUCTION THAT LOOKS ‘LIKE A WAR ZONE’

Very few thunderstorms produce tornadoes. In the hot and humid tropics, they are virtually unheard of. The reason why is that (unlike hurricanes) tornadoes require strong wind shear, which means wind speed increasing and changing direction with height in the lower atmosphere.

These conditions exist only when a cool air mass collides with a warm air mass. And the perfect conditions for this have existed this year as winter has refused to lose its grip on the western United States. So far for the month of May 2019, the average temperature across the U.S. is close to 2 degrees Fahrenheit below normal.

Every year, springtime thunderstorms in Central and Southeast U.S. have plenty of warm, moist air to draw on from the Gulf of Mexico. What they generally don’t have is a persistent cold air mass producing strong wind shear at the boundary between a warm and cold air mass.

In recent decades, slow warming in the U.S. has been accompanied by fewer of these cold springtime air masses over the West.  As a result, based upon official National Weather Service statistics the long-term trend of strong (EF3) to violent (EF5) tornadoes has been decidedly downward, with 2018 experiencing a record low in activity.

But this year, snows have extended into late May from Northern Michigan through Colorado to the Sierra of California.  As a result of this persistent cold air mass, as of May 27, we are well above normal for total U.S. tornadoes.

This is what weather does – it varies from year to year. The alarmist claims of AOC, Gore, and Sanders are not just speculative; they opposed by our observations and by meteorological theory.

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Utility Halts Natural Gas Hook-Ups For NYC, Long Island After Cuomo Administration Blocks Pipeline

Michael Bastasch – ReBlogged From The Daily Caller

The northeastern U.S.’s largest supplier of natural gas stopped processing new customer applications in New York City and Long Island after the Cuomo administration blocked a major pipeline project.

The moratorium is the second to hit New Yorkers in 2019 as a result of Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s opposition to natural gas pipelines needed to meet growing demand in the state and New England.

“We are not processing new applications for any new customers,” National Grid New York President John Bruckner said Thursday. “We’ll continue to receive requests for service, but we’re not processing them.”

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LA’s Rat-Infested Garbage Fueling Typhoid Fears

By Cathy Burke – Re-Blogged From Newsmax

Rat-infested garbage left uncollected by the city of Los Angeles is reportedly fueling fear about a typhoid epidemic in the wake of a record number of 2018 cases of flea-borne typhus.

According to NBC Los Angeles, the city’s most notorious trash pile in downtown Los Angeles remains a magnet for rats — months after a cleanup.

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Chinese Lunar Rover May Have Identified Mantle Exposure

By David Middleton – Re-Blogged From WUWT

Chang’e-4: Chinese rover ‘confirms’ Moon crater theory
By Paul Rincon
Science editor, BBC News website,15 May 2019

The Chinese Chang’e-4 rover may have confirmed a longstanding idea about the origin of a vast crater on the Moon’s far side.

The rover’s landing site lies within a vast impact depression created by an asteroid strike billions of years ago.

Now, mission scientists have found evidence that impact was so powerful it punched through the Moon’s crust and into the layer below called the mantle.

Chang’e-4 has identified what appear to be mantle rocks on the surface.
It’s something the rover was sent to the far side to find out.

Chunlai Li, from the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, and colleagues have presented their findings in the journal Nature.

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A Personal Note

By Bob Shapiro

Recently, my blog (including Facebook link) has been receiving many new followers & friends, including many from various countries around the world. Welcome!

Many readers have been with me since we started up a few years ago, and they have seen the material that I blog get – if not more technical – more expecting that you know more about the topic than you might know.

With all the new readers, I’ll try to include a few more pieces, or my comments within pieces, with some basics on these topics. So, today for example, I posted an article on Cosmic Ray collection by a group of students in California. I added a comment at the top explaining briefly why that’s important. (A much quieter sun the last decade or so means less solar wind, letting in more Cosmic Rays, which help form clouds & raindrops, affecting our weather & climate here on Earth.)

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Could Temporary Buildings Be the Key to UK Economic Growth?

By Timothy Munene – For Smart Space

The UK is one of the few countries in the world enjoying a stable economy. However, in the recent past, they have experienced a slow economic growth rate and thus resulted in countries such as the USA and China taking all the glory as the world’s superpowers.

There are many factors that have contributed to this state of economy in the UK, posing the need for a serious evaluation of the infrastructure in place to provide a solution for the country’s economy. One such factor is the use of Temporary buildings. This article will look into temporary buildings as a factor that can be key for the UK’s economic growth.

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Committed To…Fed-View

By Gary Christenson – Re-Blogged From Silver Phoenix

Johnny Cash wrote “Committed to Parkview” in 1985. The Highwaymen (Cash, Nelson, Jennings, and Kristofferson) sang the song. Verse four is:

They wake me about six-thirty

Just before the morning meal

While they’re takin’ my blood pressure

They ask me how I feel

And I always say fantastic

There ain’t nothing wrong with me

And then they give me my injection

And I go right back to sleep

And my days are kinda foggy

And my nights are dreamy too

For they’re taking good care of me

While committed to Parkview.”

The characters in the song were committed to Parkview.

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How to Hire a Social Media Management Team

By Mark Clain – Re-Blogged From Design Beep

The role of social media in business marketing has been steadily growing. These days, you will have a hard time finding a business without a Twitter, Facebook, or Instagram account, with good reason. Social media is a quick, easy, and relevant way for companies to get their names and content out there. But, using social media to market a business can get time-consuming. A lot of the time, many small companies cannot dedicate the time and staff to maintaining an effective social media marketing plan. Social media marketing involves regular posts and updates as well as regular monitoring of customer participation.

New Loan Sharks Entering The Credit Card Business

By John Rubino – Re-Blogged From Dollar Collapse

A while back, a writer (whose name and story details I unfortunately don’t remember) was researching the credit card business and tried to figure out how card issuers decide which customers to pursue. To this end he created a series of fake personas ranging from an affluent straight-arrow who always pays her bills on time to a white-trashy guy with impulse control issues and a history of multiple defaults and late payments.

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New U.S. Sanctions on Russia Make It Personal

Re-Blogged From Stratfor

Highlights

  • Recently passed U.S. sanctions against key Russian oligarchs and officials probably won’t have a major effect on the Russian economy, but they will hurt key companies such as aluminum producer Rusal.
  • Given Rusal’s importance to the global aluminum industry, the effects of the U.S. sanctions will extend beyond Russia, and Chinese companies are the logical replacement for the Russian giant on the international market.
  • Russia will offer financial support to relieve the affected companies and oligarchs while pushing back against the U.S. sanctions, not only through political and economic means but also potentially on the battlefield in Syria and Ukraine.

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Macron and Merkel Will Put on Their Best Poker Faces With Trump

Re-Blogged From Stratfor

Highlights

  • Germany is looking for a negotiated solution to trade and sanction disputes with the United States.
  • France is using Brexit and colder U.S.-German relations to try to become the main intermediary between the United States and the European Union.
  • Paris is also trying to use the current global environment to make progress on its long-sought goal of deeper European political and strategic autonomy.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel talks with U.S. President Donald Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron at a G-20 meeting in Hamburg, Germany, in July 2017.

(KAY NIETFELD/AFP/Getty Images)

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Choosing the Best Company for Recruiting for Economic Services

By Deanna Jurek

Financial services businesses were the hardest hit during the last  recession. While many took significant salary reductions, lots of CEOs of such organizations were fired. Nevertheless, the economy slowly is restoring itself from the downturn, and the money industry is becoming hot again. Put simply, there are a lot of companies in the field looking to hire top talent for their top jobs.

How can you make sure your financial services recruitment requirements are met? In many cases, it’s best to employ a firm specializing in such recruitment for top level positions. You likely use outside resources for several functions, so consider adding a high quality recruiting service today. In some cases, keeping the hiring process in-house may lower hiring costs in the short-term, but it frequently is far better long-term, when you are hiring people for top level position, to use a professional service.

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Tooth Loss in Middle Age Tied to Heart Disease

By Thomson Reuters – Re-Blogged From Newsmax Health

Losing two or more natural teeth in middle age may signal an increased risk for coronary heart disease, a U.S. study suggests.

“In addition to other established associations between dental health and risk of disease, our findings suggest that middle-aged adults who have lost two or more teeth in recent past could be at increased risk for cardiovascular disease,” Dr. Lu Qi of Tulane University in New Orleans said in a statement. “That’s regardless of the number of natural teeth a person has as a middle-aged adult, or whether they have traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as poor diet or high blood pressure.”

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New Migraine Device Treats Attacks With Magnetic Pulses

By Nick Tate – Re-Blogged From Newsmax Health

A new form of migraine treatment, using magnetic stimulation of the brain, has been shown to prevent attacks — cutting frequency of the sometimes-debilitating headaches by half.

The technique involves what’s known as single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (sTMS) — a technology developed by eNeura Inc., a medical technology company.

In a new study, published in the medical journal Cephalalgia, eNeura’s sTIMS device device reduced the frequency of migraine attacks in a group of more than 200 sufferers by about three days per month. That translates to a 50-percent reduction of monthly migraines in nearly half of the patients in the study. Continue reading

The Most Important Meal of the Day?

By Sylvia Booth Hubbard – Re-Blogged From Newsmax Health

Mom always begged you to eat breakfast, saying it was the most important meal of the day. Once again, science proves that mom was right. Researchers from Japan’s Osaka University found that among its many benefits, eating breakfast every day could help ward off stroke.

The researchers followed 82,000 healthy men and women aged 45 and older for up to 15 years. The volunteers were classified as having breakfast up to two times a week, three to four times a week, five to six, or seven times a week.

Image: Breakfast: The Most Important Meal of the Day?

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Why the Coming Elections Won’t Cure Italy’s Problems

Re-Blogged From Stratfor

[The results are in, and the big winner, though far from a majority, is theFive Star Movement. It may take weeks for any coalition to form a new government. -Bob]

Highlights

  • If the elections produce a hung Parliament, it will likely reduce the chances of a new government introducing disruptive measures that could worry markets, but it will also delay the introduction of much-needed reforms to boost economic growth.
  • Rome will pressure the European Union to give Italy more room to cut taxes and increase spending, but moderate parties are more likely than their anti-establishment rivals to seek a compromise with Brussels.
  • The next Italian government will have to deal with high debt levels, slow economic growth, widespread social discontent with the political system and declining influence on EU affairs.

Italy votes in a crowded general election on March 4.

(ALBERTO PIZZOLI/AFP/Getty Images) Continue reading

An Arms Race Toward Global Instability

Omar Lamrani   By Omar Lamrani – Re-Blogged From Stratfor

Highlights

  • The United States is shifting its focus to great power competition as it works to address the challenges of Russia’s and China’s growing confidence and capabilities.
  • Combined with this rivalry, weakening arms control regimes and the emergence of disruptive weapons technologies will erode global geopolitical stability.
  • Declining trust and increased competition will spark discord and conflict between the United States on the one hand and Russia and China on the other. 

U.S. and South Korean jets fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint exercise in July 2017.(South Korean Defense Ministry via Getty Images)

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Tertiary Bubbles Have Burst

By Graham Summers – Re-Blogged From http://www.Gold-Eagle.com

The markets just changed.

Few understand what happened to the financial system after 2008. What happened was that the debt based financial system began to implode as debt deflation took hold. The scary thing is that it wasn’t even a large amount of debt deflation.

Remember the 2008 Crisis? That time when everyone thought the world was literally going to end? It’s that small dip in the dotted line below:

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Biggest Bubble Of All Time

By Graham Summers – Re-Blogged From http://www.Gold-Eagle.com

The market is now officially in the largest bubble relative to the economy in history.

Warren Buffett once famously stated that his favorite means of valuing stock was the stock market capitalization to GDP ratio. This was the very metric he used when he decided to avoid investing during the Tech Bubble.

Bill King of The King Report notes that based on this metric, stocks are now valued at 144.15% of US GDP, surpassing their previous peak set at the absolute top of the Tech Bubble in March 2000.

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Spine Repair

By Brad Jones – Re-Blogged From Futurism

Advancements in spine repair could be propelling us into a future where a severed spinal cord is a treatable condition. A team of researchers from Israel’s Technion Institute of Technology and Tel Aviv University have reportedly enabled previously paralyzed rats to walk again. The group used a pioneering surgical procedure to repair the animals’ spinal cords.

This medical feat, published in Frontiers in Neuroscience, was accomplished by placing stem cells taken from the mouth of an adult human onto a biodegradable, sponge-like scaffold. This was inserted at the site of the spinal injury in rats, bridging the gap and allowing instructions to be passed from the brain to the rest of the body.

 

After two or three weeks, five of the 12 rats (42 percent) that received this treatment were able to start walking and were apparently moving around almost as a non-injured animal would. In addition to improved mobility, there were signs that these rats also regained sensory perception. The spinal cord regenerated to some extent in the other seven, but not enough to qualify as full recovery.

In comparison, none of the animals that did not receive this treatment regained their movement and sensory perception.

Part of the reason why this procedure was successful is because it was performed shortly after the injury took place. If there was a longer wait before the surgery took place, it might not have the same results, as the damaged part of the spinal cord would have time to atrophy.

From Rat to Human

This study was commissioned by Israel’s Foundation for Spinal Cord Injury with the hopes that it could lead scientists to an effective treatment for humans. Spinal injuries affect thousands of people, with around 17,000 cases being recorded in the U.S. annually.

These people could one day be helped by this procedure, the researchers believe. Daniel Offen, who led the team from Tel Aviv University, suggested to Business Insider that, at some point in the future, hospitals could keep a stock of frozen stem cells in order to give immediate treatment to patients who arrive with a spinal lesion. However, there’s a long way to go before that becomes a reality.

To date, no one has been able perform a successful spine repair in a human. However, there have been varying amounts of success in attempts to address spinal cord injuries in other animals.

In 2016, researchers released details of breakthrough procedure to return motor control to rats who had suffered spinal injuries. This effort combined the so-called “wonder material” graphene with polymeric ethylene gycol to restore sensory function.

Another team managed to allow paralyzed monkeys to walk again. This project used a system of electrodes, transmitters, and receivers to restore leg function. But, again, it’s thought that it will be decades before such a treatment could be feasible for humans.

There are still plenty more questions to be answered when it comes to repairing a human spinal cord. However, the multitude of avenues being explored, and their fruitful results, should offer some hope for the future.

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The Future of the US Space Program

   By Willard Davis

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is a self-governing agency of the United States government. The vision of NASA is to “Reach for new heights and reveal the unknown for the advantage of humankind.” The following are some of the current and future missions of NASA.

Un-Manned Missions

NASA is trying to add to the existing robotic fleet with the Insight Mars lander, aimed at the red planet to learn about the interior of the planet. In2020, Insight will be seeking signs of microbial life and collecting samples for return to earth, to see whether Mars’ resources could support astronauts.

The next premier observatory in space, the James Webb Space Telescope, will study the history of the universe in the infrared, while the Parker Solar Probe will touch the sun, traveling nearer to the surface than any spacecraft before.

By June 2018, NASA will launch the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, TESS, which will research planets outside of our solar system, examining 200,000 bright objects close by other stars.

NASA ‘s first asteroid sample return mission, the OSIRIS-Rex, will appear at the near-Earth asteroid Bennu in August, 2018 and will return a sample for study in 2023.

And an assignment to Jupiter’s ocean-bearing moon Europa is intended to launch in 2020.

Sending Humans Out into our Solar System and Beyond

Building on rising scientific knowledge of the solar system, NASA is developing more advanced spacecraft and rockets, leading to the next steps of human exploration into space than we ever have traveled before. Launching from a re-invigorated NASA Kennedy Space Centre in Florida, a powerful Space Launch System (SLS) will carry the astronauts aboard the Orion spacecraft to the Moon, where astronauts will begin testing the systems which are needed for the demanding operations to other destinations, such as Mars and deeper into space.

NASA will test the exploration systems for deep space starting with an un-crewed flight of Orion and SLS, called the Exploration Mission-1. During subsequent flights, NASA will create new techniques and technologies and will apply inventive approaches for solving the issues in preparing for the longer duration operations far from the earth. NASA will develop its deep space capacities before finally sending humans to Mars.

International Space Station

Humans already are working and living off Earth in one research laboratory in micro-gravity. The International Space Station provides a blueprint for scientific advancements and global cooperation, a way for raising the commercial marketplace into low earth orbit, and as a test bed for representing the latest technologies and sending humans into deep space.

Spacecraft Launch Into Space. Elements of this image furnished by NASA.

A latest generation of commercial US spacecraft and rockets, which are supplying cargo to the space station, later will launch astronauts again from American soil.

By having space explorers living in space for a half year or more – including two who were there for about a year – NASA is figuring out how future teams can flourish with longer missions more remotely into our solar system. The space station likewise is a proving ground for investigation of advances, like self-governing refueling of rockets, emotionally supportive networks, and human/automated interfaces.

A bit of the space on board the space station has been assigned for national laboratory investigations that may give ways to enhance life on Earth, and NASA is focused on utilizing this interesting asset for far reaching logical research.

Aeronautics

NASA is assisting the transformation of aviation by creating advanced technologies for propulsion, innovative aircraft shapes, and for the airspace in which they can fly, that radically increase the efficiency, decrease the noise, and maintain the safety in more of the crowded skies.

NASA is designing and flying the new experiment aircraft known as the X-planes, which should provide dramatically advanced technologies for piloted flights, such as the Low (Sonic) Boom Flight demonstrator, which could give information to open the door to the supersonic flights over land.

Technology

On Space and in Earth, NASA is making, testing and flying cutting edge technologies for the coming future of the human robotic examination. Technology development of NASA gives an on ramp for new space technologies, making a pipeline which matures them from the beginning stage via flight.

They will continue to develop technologies such as advanced solar electric propulsion, new green propellants, deep space navigation, and in-space assembly and manufacturing. These kinds of new space technologies will advance the capabilities of NASA for helping people to reach deep space destinations in the future.

Earth

Current and future earth missions of NASA provide the vantage point for understanding and exploring our home planet, increasing the safeguards and lives of our future.

NASA will bring together the technologies, unique global observations, and science to societal advantage, aiming to strengthen nature. Critical to the understanding of how climate and natural resources are changing on our planet, the observations make the base work for significant environmental planning and the decisions taken by people all over the world.

In 2018, NASA will ready to launch the next generation of two missions: ICESat-2 and GRACE Follow On – for continuing to record the long term record of ice sheets, underground water reserves, and how sea levels are changing.

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